Nap n

To Giac Ky Th

Viec Lam

Uy Ban

C Hoi Lam Viec Bnh ang

Nhng Luat Ve

C Hoi Lam Viec Bnh ang

Neu quy v cho rang chu nhan, c quan gii thieu viec lam, hoac nghiep oan lao ong a ky th quy v khi xin viec lam hoac tai s lam v ly do chung toc, mau da, gii tnh, ton giao, nguon goc quoc gia, tuoi tac, hoac khuyet tat, quy v co the nap n to giac vi Uy Ban C Hoi Lam Viec Bnh ang (EEOC).

EEOC thi hanh cac luat lien bang chong ky th trong viec lam di ay:

Khoan VII thuoc Luat Dan Quyen nam 1964 (Khoan VII) chong ky th trong viec lam da vao chung toc, mau da, gii tnh, ton giao, hoac nguon goc quoc gia;

Luat Lng Bong ong eu nam 1963 (EPA) bao ve nam va n lam nhng viec noi chung la giong nhau trong cung ni nhng b ky th lng bong da tren gii tnh;

Luat Ky Th Tuoi Tac Trong Viec Lam nam 1967 (ADEA) bao ve cac ca nhan t 40 tuoi tr len b ky th viec lam da tren tuoi tac;

Khoan I cua Luat Ngi My B Khuyet Tat nam 1990 (ADA) cam ky th viec lam oi vi nhng ca nhan co kha nang nhng b khuyet tat; va

Luat Dan Quyen nam 1991 quy nh boi thng thiet hai ve tien bac trong trng hp co y ky th trong viec lam.

Theo Khoan VII, luat ADA va luat ADEA, b xem la bat hp phap neu ky th trong bat c lnh vc nao cua viec lam, t viec thu dung, sa thai, tra lng, ch nh viec, thuyen chuyen, thang thng, dan viec, goi i lam tr lai, cho ti nhng phuc li phu, chng trnh ve hu, ngh phep, hoac bat c oi hoi hoac ieu kien lam viec nao khac.

Cac luat nay cam sach nhieu tnh duc va sach nhieu da tren chung toc, mau da, gii tnh, ton giao, nguon goc quoc gia, khuyet tat, hoac tuoi tac, hoac ky th trong luc mang thai. Cung b xem la bat hp phap neu tra thu ngi ng ra to giac ky th, tham gia vao cuoc ieu tra, hoac phan oi nhng hanh ong ky th.

Chu nhan nao

b luat chi phoi

Khoan VIIva luat ADA chi phoi tat ca chu nhan trong lnh vc t, cac chnh quyen tieu bang va a phng, va cac trng hoc co t 15 nhan vien tr len. Luat ADEA chi phoi tat ca chu nhan trong lnh vc t, cac chnh quyen tieu bang va a phng, va cac trng hoc co t 20 nhan vien tr len. Nhng luat nay cung chi phoi cac c quan cong t gii thieu viec lam, nghiep oan, va uy ban lien hp nhan vien cac cap, co nhiem vu quan ly chng trnh thc tap hoac huan nghe.

Luat EPA bao ve tat ca nhan vien b chi phoi bi Luat Lng Va Gi Lien Bang (Luat Tieu Chuan Lao ong Cong Bang). Hau het cac chu nhan b Luat nay chi phoi.

Khoan VII, luat ADEA, va luat EPA cung ap dung cho chnh quyen lien bang. Ngoai ra, Tiet 501 cua Luat Phuc Hoi nam 1973, nh a c sa oi, la tiet c EEOC thi hanh va co kem them cac oi hoi cua luat ADA lien quan en chuyen khong ky th trong viec lam, cung ap dung cho chnh quyen lien bang. Muon co them thong tin ve cach nap n to giac ky th trong viec lam cua lien bang, xin lien lac vi van phong EEOC at tai c quan lien bang, ni xay ra ky th.

Nap n To Giac

Ky Th Trong Viec Lam

Bat c ai cho rang quyen lam viec cua mnh a b vi pham cung eu co quyen nap n to giac ky th vi EEOC. Mot ngi khac, hoac mot nhom ngi, hoac mot c quan cung co the nap n thay mat cho mot ca nhan.

n to giac co the gi bang th hoac mang tay en van phong EEOC gan nhat. Trong cuon ien thoai nien giam a phng co the co so ien thoai cua van phong EEOC gan nhat, c ghi di tieu e U.S. Government (chnh phu Hoa Ky). Goi so 1-800-669-4000 (noi) hoac 1-800-669-6820 (cho ngi iec) quy v se c noi vi van phong EEOC gan nhat. Ngoai ra, nhng so ien thoai va thong tin lien quan en chuyen nap n to giac cung co the tm tren Internet, ni trang web cua EEOC a ch www.eeoc.gov.

Phe to giac co trach nhiem thong bao cho EEOC neu co thay oi a ch hay ien thoai trong thi gian to giac ang cu xet.

Thi han

nap n to giac

Muon bao ve quyen cua phe to giac, n to giac phai nap cho EEOC trong vong 180 ngay ke t ngay co vi pham b to giac. Gii han 180 ngay nay co the c tang len 300 ngay neu to giac cung c luat chong ky th cua mot so tieu bang hoac a phng bao ve. Theo tat ca cac luat c EEOC thi hanh, ngoai tr luat EPA, n to giac phai nop cho EEOC trc khi a ra trc toa an.

Cac thi han nay khong ap dung cho nhng khieu nai theo luat EPA. Tuy nhien, v co nhieu khieu nai theo luat EPA cung at van e ky th gii tnh theo Khoan VII, cho nen tot hn la nen nap n to giac da tren ca hai luat trong thi han neu tren.

Xet n to giac ky th

Khi nhan c n to giac, EEOC se thong bao cho chu nhan trong vong mi ngay. Cac to giac co u s kien chng minh s ky th co nhieu phan chac a xay ra thng c cu xet nhanh chong. Cac to giac khong co nhieu s kien chng minh se c ieu tra them neu can them thong tin, va tuy phng tien cho phep. n to giac cung co the b bac bo bat c luc nao neu EEOC tin rang du co ieu tra them cung khong chng minh c luat ky th viec lam a b vi pham.

n to giac cung co the c a ra hoa giai vi EEOC neu hai ben to giac va chu nhan eu ong y s tuy chon nay. Hoa giai la mot giai phap thay cho ieu tra va co the giai quyet n to giac mot cach mau chong. Viec tham gia hoa giai la chuyen kn ao va t nguyen. Neu hoa giai bat thanh, n to giac se c tiep tuc cu xet.

EEOC co the giai quyet noi vu bat c luc nao trong khi ieu tra, neu ca hai phe to giac va chu nhan ong y. Neu cha c giai quyet sm sua, viec xet n se tiep tuc.

Sau mot cuoc ieu tra ch ang, EEOC co the quyet nh hoac xac nhan ky th co xay ra hoac xep ho s v khong u bang chng xac nhan ky th.

Neu ong ho s, EEOC se cap cho phe to giac giay Thong Bao Ve Quyen Tha Kien.

Neu phat hien ky th, EEOC se tm cach en bu cho phe to giac qua thu tuc hoa giai.

Neu hoa giai bat thanh, EEOC co the kien chu nhan trc toa an.

Neu phe to giac khong thoa man vi nhng no lc cua EEOC, phe nay co the i kien chu nhan trc toa an trong vong 90 ngay ke t ngay nhan Thong Bao Ve Quyen Tha Kien.

Cach en bu khi co ky th

Cach en bu khi co ky th trong viec lam co the bao gom tuyen dung, tai ch nh, tao thch nghi hp ly, thang thng, truy lanh lng bong, tra ngay mot mon tien nao o, hoat bat c hanh ong nao lam cho ca nhan cam thay nguyen trang (hoan canh le ra ng s phai ri vao neu ky th khong xay ra). en bu cung co the dang tra thu lao cho luat s, chi ph cho nhan chng chuyen mon, va an ph.

Theo a so luat c EEOC thi hanh, thiet hai do s ky th co y co the bao gom tien bac a thc s mat mat, tien bac mat mat trong tng lai, s au n tinh than va s phien ha. Cung co the oi boi thng lam gng neu chu nhan y thc va co tnh pham luat.

So ien thoai

va tai nguyen cua EEOC

Muon c giup hoac co them thong tin cua van phong EEOC gan nhat, xin goi: 1-800-669-4000 (noi) hoac 1-800-669-6820 (TTY cho ngi iec).

Muon nhan nhng an pham mien ph, xin lien lac Trung Tam Phan Phoi An Pham cua EEOC, so: 1-800-669-3362 (noi), 1-800-800-3302 (TTY cho ngi iec), hoac 513-489-8692 (fax).

Thong tin ve cac luat do EEOC thi hanh cung co the tm thay tren Internet, a ch: www.eeoc.gov.

Tai lieu nay cung c in bang ch braille cho ngi mu, in kho ch ln, ghi am, va di dang e co the lu tr tren may tnh. Cac an pham cua EEOC cung co di dang de oc va se c Trung Tam Phan Phoi An Pham gi en quy v neu co yeu cau.

Khong cam sao chep an pham nay cua EEOC.

EEOC-FC-V 4/99