Uy Ban C Hoi Lam Viec Bnh ang (EEOC)


EEOC co trach nhiem xoa bo ky th tai ni lam viec. Cac luat lien bang cam ky th trong viec lam bao am bat c ai lam viec tren at My cung phai c oi x cong bang theo luat, va c u sc bao ve thch ang neu chu nhan vi luat. Luat do EEOC thi hanh co muc ch ran e s ky th cua chu nhan

S Kien Ve Luat Ngi My B Khuyet Tat

Khoan I cua Luat Nhng Ngi My B Khuyet Tat nam 1990, co hieu lc t ngay 26 thang Bay, 1992, cam chu nhan trong lanh vc t, chnh quyen tieu bang va a phng, nhng hang mn ngi va cac nghiep oan lao ong, ky th nhng ca nhan co kha nang nhng mang khuyet tat, trong nhng thu tuc nop n xin viec, tuyen dung, sa thai, thang cap, thu lao, hoc nghe, a ra nhng thi han, ieu kien va cap phat nhng ac li lam viec khac. Mot ca nhan mang khuyet tat la ngi:

Mot nhan vien hoac mot ng vien co kha nang nhng mang khuyet tat la mot ca nhan, du co hay khong co s thch nghi hp ly, van co the ieu hanh nhng phan vu can thiet trong viec lam ang b at thanh van e. S thch nghi hp ly co the gom, nhng khong b gii han vao nhng hoat ong di ay:

Chu nhan phai tao thch nghi cho nhng ng vien hoac nhan vien co kha nang nhng co khuyet tat neu co gang o khong tao kho khan qua ang cho thng nghiep cua mnh. Kho khan qua ang c nh ngha la hanh ong oi hoi s kho khan hoac chi ph ang ke khi tnh nhng yeu to nh tam voc hang, nhng ieu kien tai chanh va ban chat va cau truc cua hang.

Chu nhan khong buoc phai ha gia chat lng hoac tieu chuan san xuat e tao ra s thch nghi, cung nh chu nhan khong co trach nhiem cung cap nhng dung cu ca nhan nh mat knh, may tr tai.

KHAM VA THAM TRA VE Y LY


Chu nhan khong c quyen hoi ng vien xin viec ve s hien hu, ban chat hoac mc tram trong cua khuyet tat, hoac oi ng vien xin viec phai kham sc khoe, cho ti khi nao a a e ngh tuyen dung ngi o. ng vien co the c hoi ve kha nang ieu hanh nhng phan s chuyen biet cua cong viec. e ngh cho viec lam co the tuy thuoc vao ket qua kham hoac ieu tra sc khoe, vi ieu kien la viec kham hoac ieu tra o cung ap dung cho moi nhan vien lam cong viec tng t. Viec kham sc khoe cua nhan vien phai lien he en viec lam va phu hp vi nhu cau thng nghiep cua chu nhan.

LAM DUNG MA TUY VA RU


Nhan vien va ng vien ang s dung ma tuy bat hp phap khong c Luat ADA bao ve, neu chu nhan hanh ong tren can ban s dung phi phap cua nhan vien. Nhng th nghiem e kiem ra viec s dung ma tuy phi phap khong nam trong nhng gii han cua ADA ve kham nghiem y khoa. Chu nhan co the buoc nhan vien s dung ma tuy va ru phi phap phai duy tr nhng tieu chuan hieu nang giong nh nhng nhan vien khac.

VIEC THC THI LUAT ADA CUA EEOC


Uy Ban C Hoi Lam Viec Bnh ang (EEOC) a cong bo nhng luat le nham thc thi nhng ieu cua Khoan I thuoc Luat ADA vao ngay 26 thang Bay, 1991. Nhng ieu nay luc ban au co hieu lc vao ngay 26 thang Bay, 1992, va ap dung cho chu nhan co t 25 nhan vien tr len. Vao ngay 26 thang Bay, 1994, mc nhan vien a c rut xuong e ap dung cho chu nhan co t 15 nhan vien tr len.

NOP N TO GIAC


Cac to giac b ky th trong viec lam v b khuyet tat, da tren cac hanh ong xay ra trong hoac sau ngay 26 thang Bay, 1992, co the nop tai bat c van phong a phng nao cua Uy Hoi C Hoi Bnh ang Viec Lam Hoa Ky (EEOC). C quan nay co nhng van phong a phng at tai 50 thanh pho khap Hoa Ky va co ghi trong hau het nhng cuon ien thoai nien giam di tieu e U.S. Government (Chnh phu Hoa Ky). Muon co thong tin ve nhng ao luat c EEOC thi hanh, xin goi so mien ph 1-800-669-EEOC. So ien thoai mien ph TDD cho ngi iec cua EEOC la 1-800-800-3302.

Neu quy v b ky th trong viec lam v ly do khuyet tat, quy v co the co quyen c boi thng e a quy v ve v the cua mnh giong nh s ky th cha he xay ra. Quy v co the co quyen c tuyen dung, thang thng, tai ch nh, truy lanh lng bong, hoac thu lao khac, hoac c cap cho s thch nghi hp ly ke ca viec tai bo nhiem. Quy v cung co the c boi thng ve nhng khoan tien tai mat mat trong tng lai, s au n ve tinh than va s phien ha. Quy v cung co the c hng loai boi thng e trng phat chu nhan neu chu nhan a hanh ong vi da tam hoac th mot cach cau tha. Quy v cung co the co quyen c boi thng ve thu lao phai tra cho luat s.

Neu c yeu cau, t s kien nay se c phat ra di dang thay the khac.

Thang Ba 2000 EEOC-FS/V-5